Truth is we had 12 weeks to do all of this work. Does it really matter which faculty we are in whether it is COHS, FELS, SHTM, FENC and the list goes on, at the end of the day it all boils down to who manages their time better/life better.

This one week call STUDY WEEK is very crucial to most of us university students, while others well just waste it and blame lecturers after seeing an F on their portal. They told us from the beginning its 80-20

We as students do 80% of the work while the lectures do 20. Let us prove society wrong, let us be the best we can be. Let us make a change!

To all the university students all the best in your finals and may the good Lord continue to be with us.

SIC LUCEAT LUX (let your light so shine)





My Blog Experience

Blogging for the course “studies in Culture and Society” is an interesting educational tool. This is due to the fact that it engages students in online activities that get them acknowledge by other individuals who are also users of blog. The blog site “Wordpress” that we were introduced to is one which allows users to follow other user’s blogs so from here one has a likely chance of being acknowledge.

As a student who does blog I enjoyed it very much. It was something that I looked forward to on a weekly basis. The topics given to write about were very entertaining and engaging. I therefore, strongly believe that the topics one got to write about motivated them blog because they were actually things within society that one could relate to. This blogging experience gave one the feeling of been a professional journalist, writing on the different topic s and sharing it to facebook, twitter and other social networking sites. This enables them to get feedbacks not only from those on wordpress but also from the wider society.

The challenges I faced while working on the blogs was the fact that I had technical difficulties since this site was new to me. However, after several trials I pulled through and understood the whole process of using wordpress to blog.

In concluding one can say the blogging experience was a great one and that it can be an excellent tool to engage students in class activities. I would therefore, leave with students to come to look forward to blogging because it is indeed a great experience.




“Jacket” is not a new term when it comes on to Jamaica’s culture. It is the term used for a child that wasn’t given to its biological father. Therefore, the “father” would have a ‘jacket child’. Based on the article “Why women give men ‘jacket’? Social pressure, financial security cited as a major cause” by Simms, Hope and Dunn 33% of Jamaican men have been named ‘father’ to children that are not theirs.

It is a fact that females do give men ‘jacket’ but one has to look on this issue from different perspective. This ‘jacket’ issue that we as Jamaicans face has a stereotype against women in the inner-city it is  assumed that those females are more likely to practice this act for financial benefits. That is they will always have their boyfriend in the ‘ghetto’ region and a next in the upper class, upon getting pregnant they would give the person more legible the ‘father’ role.  This baby will now become the bankbook for the female.

BLACK mother! BLACK father! WHITE child!

One has to accept the fact that the main cause of females giving males jacket is to is to ensure that their child has a stable lifestyle. Giving jackets can cause mistrust that is men don’t trust females anymore. They now challenge their paternity in divorce and child support cases. The problem we also face it the fact people in society are not willing to use contraceptive methods hence they couldn’t tell if the child is there’s or not. As the old Jamaican saying states “if you Neva go deh u name cudnt call”. Therefore, they have to face the consequences which come with the jacket child.

Unless Jamaica eradicate poverty then ‘jacket’ will always be a part of our culture. This is so because the main reason why females carry out this act is for financial benefits from the opposite sex.  I strongly believe that these females should be charged for their act. It is rather unfair for the child to not know its biological father and it also not fair for a man to be financially support a ‘jacket’. Although they put themselves in this position when they say “man fi ave nuff gyal n gyal inna bundle” and live by it.

Government however, could have sessions and advertisements that educate individuals in the wider society about the negative effects of giving a child to the wrong father like health issues in the future and the child may also lose interest in the mother.

Therefore, one can only say this act that females carry out for financial issues and status is immoral and that females within the inner city should stop live up to the stereotype that the upper class have on them.

Females within society need to act better

The happy family?









Simms, Hope, Dunn,(2007). Why women give men ‘jacket’? Social Pressure, financial security cited as a major case. Retrieved from: http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20071014/lead/lead5.html

“Mass Media Portray Men and Women Differently”

Perfect example of what mass media portray males and females to be.

Mass media has been criticized for numerous messages that they bring forth. It is quite obvious that mass media portray men and women differently. Media images portray females as sex symbols and portray males as socially powerful and physically violent.  Let us take into consideration advertisements, when females are been feature they are always wearing skimpy clothing in order to attract people to buy particular products. Males on the other hand can be seen in jacket suits and are always appealing.

Like text books, mass media carry’s a gender stereotyping of man and women. These portrayals that media have of women often depict negative connotations leading women to have low self-esteem at times. When not been seen as sex symbols in the mass media women are seen as Martyrs. That is women are seen to sacrifice their lives for their family or even their career. On the other hand males are seen as sole breadwinners; they are shown engaging in sports activities, practicing their profession and always in camaraderie with other men.

Advertisement with male well groomed and female promoting sex

In concluding one can definitely come to the verdict that mass media portray men differently from women. Women are career and nursery by design all thanks to mass media. Because of this women are actively discouraged by the media messages and images from expressing their innate desires. Men however, feel like they have all power and are different than women due to mass media. Therefore they live up to the stereotype that society has that males and females have different roles.


Hanson. F., Does the Mass Media portray thirty-something men & women differently, retrieved March 20, 2012 from: http://waittowed.blogspot.com/2009/07/does-mass-media-portray-thirty.html

Gender Sensitization,(2010), retrieved March 20, 2012 from: http://www.bldc.aspbae.org/sites/default/files/new_manual_pdf/Module%20IV%20-%20Gender%20Justice.pdf

Nicholson, H. Gender as a dynamic concept in the media retrieved March 20, 2012 from






“Tru mi seh Clarks everybody waan one”

Famous line from Adidja Vybz Kartel Palmer song “Clarks Part 2”, obvious signs that these artists are aware of the influence that they may have on individuals in the wider society. Hence, it is therefore a fact that Dancehall has negative effects on Jamaican youths.  Dancehall may be referred to as a “style of Jamaican popular music that had its genesis in the political disturbance of the late 1970’s and became Jamaica’s dominant music in the 1980’s and 90’s”, ( C.J.Cooper). However, over the years dancehall helps promote sexual behaviours among teens and may also be a trigger of their violent behavior.

Youths in today’s society often gravitate to hardcore music that sells sex and promote violent hence they adopt the aggression in dancehall portrayals and model the behaviours on a daily basis. What these artists fail to understand is that they are role models for youths and that they can write more conscious songs in the dancehall industry that promote values since this is what their songs really lack.

Based on research conducted by A.D. Crawford from results obtained it was found that females  gravitated to sexually explicit lyrical content while on the other hand males are more inclined to lyrical contents that were conscious and others gravitated to violent. However, both males and females responded similarly to lyrical content of expletive language.

The promotion of sexual behaviors from a young stage.

One cannot therefore reject the fact that Dancehall indeed has negative effects on youths within Jamaica since it helps promotes their sex drive and violent behaviors  based on the lyrical contents of the songs they listen to.

In concluding one can only say that dancehall plays and integral role in the life’s of individuals in society which is affecting it negatively because they are highly influenced by  the dancehall industry however, it is leading to a downfall in society where  the youths are concerned. Therefore, there is indeed a relationship between hardcore dancehall genre and the sexual and violent behavior of youths.

Video Showing how youths react to certain songs and how they behave at a dancehall event. Click link to below to view:

NB: PG16



Crawford.A.D, (2010 March).The effects of dancehall genre on adolescent sexual and violent behavior in Jamaica: A public health concern,North American Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 2. No. 3, retrieved March 13, 2012 from http://vle.bcatja.com/file.php/6/Readings_for_CAT_1000/dancehall_effects_and_adolescent_sexual_and_violent_behaviour.pdf

Dancehall Culture: How does it affect our children?, retrieved from: http://www.abibitumikasa.com/forums/oppression-afrikans-culturally/38951-dancehall-culture-how-does-affect-our-children.html

Watson.J, (April 2, 2008). Dance Hall Music and Jamaican Society, Yardvybz, retrieved March 14,2012 from http://www.yardflex.com/archives/002444.html


The Danger of a Single Story and the obstacles faced by Nigerian Writer Chimamanda Adichie

Nigerian author Chimamandad Adichie in her speech at the TED lecturer on “The Danger of a Single Story” illustrates the negative effects that knowing just what media and books portray about a specific country may have on people who are from that background. The single story therefore can be linked with the magic bullet theory where whatever one see in the media they believe it to be true.

From the single story that media had of Africa individuals in the USA looked down on them since they had the mind frame that Africans where black, poor and starving people within society waiting for some “white” kind man to come to their rescue.  However this was not so since Adichie proved this to her roommate who she made mention of in her speech who was somewhat patronizing towards her because she was living in the dilemma of the single story that they have on Africa.

Adichie faced many obstacles throughout her career and this of course was caused by the single story. It was not natural for a Nigerian (African) to want to become a writer and due to the fact that she was exposed to so many British novels at a tender age she was influenced by their characters she wrote her stories like the ones she read. However, she was exposed to African Literature at a late stage since she wasn’t aware that people of her kind could be story characters. What shocked me the most was the fact that her professor told her that her story is not authentically African due to the fact that her characters reminded him too much of the life he was living that Africans are supposed to be starving and this once again goes back to the single story.

It is not that the single story is not true it is the fact that it is not complete hence one should not come to a conclusion about anywhere based on a single story. “When we reject the single story, when we realize there is never a single story to any place we will regain paradise” Chimandad Adichie.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9Ihs241zeg click the link to watch Chimamandad Adichie speech ” The Danger of a single story”


Chimamanda Adichie: The danger of a single story, retrieved March 4, 2012 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9Ihs241zeg

Claxton, M, November 5, 2009. Norman Girvan. Caribbean Political Economy, retrieved March 6, 2012 from http://www.normangirvan.info/chimamanda-single-story/

Jamaica’s issues/dilemma With race and class and how this affects identity…

“I am BLACK BEAUTIFUL and PROUD” Bleaching wasn’t made for me. But how many Black people are proud to be black, or even proud to be Jamaican’s, proud of the social class they derived from knowing that it is possible for them to climb the ladder of social mobility.

Issues of race and class have been around Jamaica for decades. This issue may be as a result of Jamaica’s history of slave plantation where we (blacks) were discriminated. A race may be defined as a human group that is believed to be distinct in some way from other humans based on real or imagined physical differences.  On the other hand social class refers to a group of individuals who occupy a similar position in the economic system of production.

In other words we as Jamaicans stand firmly as a race but we fail to understand that race those not mean the colour of your skin tone.  This problem therefore forces individuals within our society to tone (bleach) their skin with the aim of getting a higher complexion. This is due to the fact that they were “whitewashed” to believe that high colour people are more accepted by society and are more likely to get a job in the work field than people of dark complexions.  These stereotypes lead individuals within society (Jamaica) to therefore, lose sight of their true identity trying to fulfill what they believe society is searching for.

REFERENCES:  Mustapha N, 2007, Sociology for Caribbean Students, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers